Wednesday, May 2, 2018

The Role of Enthusiasm in Training

Enthusiasm is something we all experience when we begin something new. This keeps our interest going while we establish a new routine around that new and exciting experience. With martial arts, it is easy to become so enthused with the training early on that some burnout as a result. Martial arts requires a life-time of study to become truly proficient at the deeper concepts of a system. What is more vital than enthusiasm is temerity. Temerity is having a tenacious, almost audacious, devotion to learning something. Even when we don't understand something or can't do something, we have the temerity to do it anyway so that we will eventually learn it. Some might call it, "being too stupid to quit." There are some fighting systems that are quite easy to learn, and so some would think it strange we study a martial art that requires so much dedication and study. They can't understand why we would choose to study something so difficult. Those people can't see the end result the way we do. We don't just want to learn some fighting techniques, we want to fully embody the ideals of the warriors of old and be more than just competent fighters, we want to be proficient masters of the martial way. Allow enthusiasm to have it's place early on, and guide it into temerity and commitment.

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Katana, Tachi, and Ken

Many people mistakenly thing that the sword the Japanese Samurai used in combat was the Katana. The Katana is actually the youngest of the three main swords used in Japan and gained its popularity during the Edo period, aka, the approx. 300 years of peace. Here are the three main swords with descriptions of each. And yes, in the Bujinkan we study all three, because each one is used differently. Be aware, each sword also has it's own sub-variations, these are the primary categories of Japanese swords.

The Ken:

The Ken, also called Tsurugi Ken, was the sword used in Japan prior to 980 AD. In Japanese mythology, the ancient being Fudo Myo killed a fierce dragon and from it's tail he pulled out this sword. This sword is double edged and many, if not most, were imported from China. The handle can be one handed or two handed. As Japanese black smiths became better at sword making, and as armor evolved, the Japanese sword changed from the Ken into the Tachi

The Tachi:

The Tachi was the sword used by Samurai during the Sengoku period, the era of the warring states of Japan. This period was the height of the Samurai and their abilities. This was the true Samurai Sword. It is single edged and has a significant curve to it. The handle is also curved and can be used with one or two hands. This sword hangs loose at the warrior's side like a saber, blade edge down. It was designed to specifically defeat the armor worn by Samurai and foot soldiers. You can see the cord wound in the middle of the sheath (Saya), this was used to tie the sword around the waist of the samurai outside of the armor. It was ideal for battle field fighting and fighting from horseback.

The Katana:

The Katana was developed as a result of the Edo period. After the last civil war of Japan ended, the new Shogun established a period of peace that lasted for 300 years. The Samurai found the Tachi to be too cumbersome to wear daily, and so the Katana rose to popularity among the samurai. The Katana is less curved than the Tachi and is worn tucked into the belt (Obi), blade edge up. The cord was worn loosely between the sheath and belt, not wrapped around the waist. The handle was usually at least 12 inches long for two handed use. This was in essence, a dueling sword or self-protection sword, rather than a battlefield sword. A revolution in Japan during the early 1800s led to the abolishing of the Samurai class, and so the Katana was the last Samurai sword, and the one most remembered.